Bali’s Spiritual and Healing Traditions



Bali is a tropical island located in Indonesia and is renowned for its stunning natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and vibrant spiritual traditions. For centuries, Bali has been a hub for health and wellness tourism, attracting visitors from all over the world who are seeking to rejuvenate their bodies, minds, and spirits. This chapter will explore the spiritual and healing traditions of Bali, highlighting the ways in which they have been woven into the fabric of Balinese culture and daily life.


The Balinese believe that their spiritual and physical health are inextricably linked, and they have a deep respect for the forces of nature and the universe. This belief is reflected in the island's many ceremonies and rituals, which are performed to honor the gods, ancestors, and balance the energies of nature. Balinese spirituality is deeply rooted in Hinduism, and the island is dotted with temples and shrines that are dedicated to the gods.


One of the most important spiritual practices in Bali is offering and prayer. Offerings are made to the gods and ancestors every day and can range from small arrangements of flowers and rice to elaborate ceremonies that involve music, dance, and feasting. The Balinese believe that offerings appease the gods and keep the balance between the physical and spiritual worlds in harmony.


Another important aspect of Balinese spirituality is the practice of meditation. Balinese spirituality encourages mindfulness and inner reflection, and meditation is seen as a way to cultivate peace, harmony, and wisdom. Many visitors to Bali are drawn to the island's spiritual retreats and workshops, which offer opportunities to deepen one's spiritual practice and explore the island's rich cultural heritage.


In addition to its spiritual practices, Bali is also renowned for its traditional healing practices. The island has a long history of using natural remedies and therapies to heal the body and mind, and many of these practices are still in use today. Some of the most popular healing practices in Bali include massage, acupuncture, herbal medicine, and spiritual healing. These practices are based on the belief that health and wellness are not just physical states, but are also dependent on spiritual, emotional, and mental balance.


Balinese massage, in particular, is a highly valued healing practice that combines physical massage with spiritual energy work. The massage is performed in a peaceful and serene environment, and the therapist uses gentle and rhythmic movements to release tension and promote relaxation. Acupuncture is another popular healing practice in Bali and is based on the belief that health is maintained by the balance of life energies in the body.


Herbal medicine is also an important aspect of Balinese healing and is based on the use of plants and herbs to treat a range of physical and emotional conditions. Many Balinese healers are skilled in identifying the plants and herbs that are best suited to a particular condition, and they use this knowledge to create effective and natural remedies.


Finally, spiritual healing is a powerful and transformative practice in Bali that is based on the belief that all illness and discomfort has a spiritual root. Spiritual healers in Bali use a range of techniques, including energy work, meditation, and visualization, to help individuals heal their physical and emotional problems.


In conclusion, Bali's spiritual and healing traditions offer a rich and diverse tapestry of practices and beliefs that are deeply intertwined with the island's cultural heritage. Whether you are a spiritual seeker, wellness enthusiast, or simply looking to relax and rejuvenate, Bali offers a wealth of opportunities to explore and experience the beauty of its spiritual and healing traditions.


The Growing Popularity of Veganism in China

Discovoring Vegan China (1)


In recent years, veganism has gained significant attention and popularity as a lifestyle choice. With increased awareness about the impact of food choices on the environment, animal welfare, and health, many people are seeking out plant-based alternatives to traditional meat- and dairy-based diets. This trend is not limited to the Western world, but can also be seen in countries like China, where an increasing number of people are choosing to adopt a vegan lifestyle.


Veganism has a long history in China, dating back to the philosophical and religious movements of ancient times. Many Chinese religious traditions, such as Buddhism and Taoism, emphasize compassion for all living beings and have inspired followers to adopt vegetarian diets. However, despite this historical precedent, veganism was not widely adopted in China until recent years, when a new generation of vegans began to emerge in response to global trends and increased access to information.


The growth of veganism in China can be attributed to several factors, including increased awareness of environmental and animal welfare issues, growing concern about personal health, and the rise of vegan-friendly food options. In recent years, the popularity of plant-based diets has been driven by a growing number of high-profile celebrities, influencers, and health experts who promote the benefits of a vegan lifestyle.


Social media has played a significant role in the growth of veganism in China. Platforms like WeChat and Douyin (TikTok) have provided a space for vegan activists, influencers, and advocates to spread information about the benefits of veganism, share recipes and resources, and connect with like-minded individuals. Social media has also helped to dispel misconceptions about veganism, making it more accessible and appealing to a wider audience.


The growth of veganism in China has also been accompanied by the emergence of vegan-friendly food options. In recent years, many restaurants, cafes, and supermarkets have started offering plant-based alternatives, making it easier for vegans to find suitable options. In addition, there has been a rise in the number of specialty vegan food stores, which provide a wide range of vegan ingredients, products, and prepared foods.


The growing popularity of veganism in China is a reflection of a larger global trend, driven by increased awareness of environmental and animal welfare issues, as well as growing concern about personal health. With the emergence of vegan-friendly food options, the growth of social media, and the support of influential figures, veganism is becoming more accessible and appealing to a wider audience in China. Whether for ethical, environmental, or health reasons, the trend towards veganism is likely to continue to grow in China and around the world in the years to come.

Netherlands – Traditional Dutch Vegan Hutspot – Mashed Potatoes, Carrots and Onions


Hutspot is a classic Dutch dish that has been enjoyed for centuries. The dish is made with simple, hearty ingredients that come together to create a comforting and satisfying meal. The traditional recipe includes meat, but this vegan version uses a plant-based alternative, making it a perfect choice for those who follow a vegan or plant-based diet. The combination of mashed potatoes, carrots, onions, and a touch of vegan butter creates a rich and flavorful dish that is sure to please everyone at the table. Serve it as a main course or side dish, either way, it's delicious and comforting.


1 kg potatoes

500 g carrots

1 onion

2 cloves of garlic

2 tablespoons of vegan butter

Salt and pepper to taste

Nutmeg (optional)



Peel and chop the potatoes, carrots and onion.

Peel and crush the garlic cloves.

Boil the potatoes, carrots and onion in a pot of water until they are soft.

Drain the vegetables and return them to the pot.

Mash the vegetables with a potato masher or a fork.

Add the vegan butter, garlic, salt, pepper and nutmeg (if using) and mix well.

Serve the Hutspot hot with a garnish of chopped parsley or chives (optional).

Hutspot can be served with a variety of vegan meat alternatives, like soy chunks or seitan, or some plant-based sausage.

Lithuania – Traditional and Tasty: A Vegan Cepelinai (Lithuanian Potato Dumplings) Recipe


Experience the traditional flavors of Lithuania with our vegan Cepelinai recipe. These large potato dumplings are filled with a savory filling made from mashed potatoes, sautéed onions, mushrooms and fresh dill, they are sure to warm you up on a cold day. This recipe is easy to make, vegan, and can be enjoyed by everyone. Whether you're a vegan or not, this Cepelinai is sure to be a hit and a perfect way to experience Lithuanian cuisine. Perfect for a weeknight dinner, or a weekend lunch. Give it a try and you'll see how delicious and satisfying plant-based food can be.




2 pounds grated potatoes

1 cup grated carrots

1/2 cup grated onion

1/2 cup flour

1 teaspoon salt

1 teaspoon black pepper

1 cup vegan sour cream

1 cup vegan meatless ground meat

1 onion, finely chopped

2 cloves of garlic, minced

2 tablespoons vegan butter

1 teaspoon caraway seeds



Preheat the oven to 350°F (175°C). Grease a baking sheet with vegan butter.

In a large bowl, mix together the grated potatoes, grated carrots, grated onion, flour, salt, and pepper.

Form the mixture into 8 oval-shaped dumplings, about 2 inches thick.

In a large pot of boiling salted water, cook the dumplings for about 15 minutes, or until they float to the surface. Carefully remove them with a slotted spoon and place them on the prepared baking sheet.

In a pan over medium heat, sauté the onion, garlic, and caraway seeds in vegan butter until the onion is translucent. Add the vegan meatless ground meat and cook for an additional 5-7 minutes, or until the meat is browned.

Spread the vegan sour cream over the dumplings and top them with the sautéed meat mixture.

Bake the dumplings for 20-25 minutes, or until they are golden brown on top.

Serve the cepelinai hot and enjoy!

Note: you can use other vegan meat alternatives like soy protein, seitan or tempeh.

Liechtenstein – Käsknöpfle: A Traditional Liechtenstein Potato and Cheese Pasta Dish


Käsknöpfle is a traditional dish from Liechtenstein, it is a type of pasta that is similar to gnocchi. It is made with potatoes, flour, and cheese and it is a beloved dish in the country.

Käsknöpfle is typically served as a side dish, but it can also be served as a main course, with a variety of sauces, gravies, or vegetables. It's a comforting and hearty dish that is perfect for cold winter nights.

Traditionally this dish is made with dairy cheese, but it can be easily veganized by using vegan cheese or nutritional yeast. It's a dish that can be enjoyed by vegans and non-vegans alike, as it is delicious, easy to make and comforting.

It's a great dish for meal prepping as it can be made in advance and can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week. With a little creativity, you can enjoy this traditional Liechtenstein dish in a vegan version.


1 lb. potatoes

1 cup flour

1/2 cup vegan cheese, grated

Salt and pepper to taste

Vegan butter or oil for frying



Peel and boil the potatoes in a large pot of salted water until tender. Drain and mash the potatoes while they are still hot.

Mix in the flour, grated cheese, and salt and pepper. Knead the dough until smooth, but be careful not to overwork it.

Divide the dough into small pieces and roll them into long, thin ropes. Cut the ropes into small, bite-sized pieces.

Bring a large pot of salted water to a boil. Gently drop the "Käsknöpfle" into the boiling water and cook for about 2-3 minutes or until they float to the surface.

Drain the "Käsknöpfle" and sauté in vegan butter or oil until they are golden brown.

Serve the "Käsknöpfle" with your favorite sauce or gravy, and enjoy your traditional vegan dish from Liechtenstein.

Note: If vegan cheese isn't available in your area, you can use nutritional yeast to give it a cheesy flavor.


This is one of the few traditional vegan recipe from Liechtenstein as it's a small country, where meat and dairy are traditional staples of the diet. However, with the rise of veganism, there are more and more vegan options being offered in restaurants and supermarkets.

Greece – Greek Delight: A Vegan Dolmades (Stuffed Grape Leaves) Recipe


Experience the traditional flavors of Greece with our vegan Dolmades recipe. These little parcels are filled with a delicious mixture of rice, herbs, and vegetables, wrapped in tender grape leaves. These Dolmades are a perfect appetizer or side dish, they are easy to make and can be enjoyed by everyone. Whether you're a vegan or not, this Dolmades is sure to be a hit and a perfect way to experience Greek cuisine. Perfect for a weeknight dinner, or a weekend lunch. Give it a try and you'll see how delicious and satisfying plant-based food can be.


  • 1 jar of grape leaves, drained and rinsed
  • 1 cup of uncooked long-grain rice
  • 1/2 cup of diced onion
  • 1/2 cup of diced carrots
  • 1/2 cup of diced celery
  • 1/2 cup of diced leek
  • 2 cloves of minced garlic
  • 2 tablespoons of olive oil
  • 1 teaspoon of dried oregano
  • 1 teaspoon of dried dill
  • Salt and pepper, to taste
  • Lemon wedges, for serving


  1. In a pan over medium heat, sauté the onion, carrots, celery, leek, and garlic in olive oil until they are softened, about 8-10 minutes.
  2. Add in the rice, oregano, dill, salt, and pepper and stir until the rice is well coated.
  3. Add in 1 1/2 cups of water and bring to a boil. Reduce the heat to low and let it simmer for about 20-25 minutes or until the rice is cooked through.
  4. Remove the pan from the heat and let the mixture cool for a few minutes.
  5. Lay a grape leaf shiny-side down on a work surface. Place a spoonful of the rice mixture on.


Cyprus – Traditional Cypriot Vegan Moussaka – Layered Eggplant, Potatoes, and Spiced Tomato Sauce


Moussaka is a traditional Cypriot dish that is typically made with layers of eggplant, potatoes, meat and a béchamel sauce. This vegan version of the dish is a delicious and healthy alternative that is perfect for those following a plant-based diet. The eggplant and potatoes are thinly sliced and layered with a flavorful spiced tomato sauce and topped with a creamy cashew and herb mixture. This dish is then baked in the oven until golden brown, making it a hearty and flavorful meal that is perfect for any occasion. It's a perfect dish to serve as a main course, and it's sure to be a hit with vegans and non-vegans alike.




2 eggplants

2 potatoes

1 onion, finely chopped

2 cloves of garlic, minced

1 can of diced tomatoes

1 teaspoon of smoked paprika

1 teaspoon of ground cumin

1 teaspoon of ground cinnamon

Salt and pepper to taste

1 cup of raw cashews, soaked in water for at least 2 hours

1/4 cup of parsley, chopped

1/4 cup of mint, chopped

1/4 cup of dill, chopped

1 tablespoon of olive oil



Preheat the oven to 375F (190C).

Slice the eggplants and potatoes into thin rounds and set aside.

In a skillet, heat the olive oil over medium heat and sauté the onion and garlic until softened.

Add the diced tomatoes, smoked paprika, cumin, cinnamon, salt, and pepper and stir well. Cook for about 5 minutes.

Drain the cashews and blend them with the parsley, mint, dill, and 1/4 cup of water until smooth.

In a baking dish, layer the eggplant and potatoes, and then spread the tomato sauce on top. Repeat the layers and finish with a layer of cashew mixture.

Cover the dish with foil and bake for 40 minutes, then remove the foil and bake for an additional 20 minutes or until the vegetables are tender and the top is golden brown.

Let it cool for 10-15 minutes before serving.

Iceland – Traditional Icelandic Vegan Skyr and Potato Stew


Experience the flavors of Iceland with this vegan twist on a traditional dish. This hearty stew combines creamy vegan skyr, a traditional Icelandic yogurt alternative, with tender potatoes and flavorful vegetables for a satisfying and nourishing meal. Perfect for a cold winter evening or as a comforting lunch, this recipe is sure to become a staple in your vegan kitchen.



1 tablespoon olive oil

1 large onion, diced

3 cloves of garlic, minced

2 cups diced carrots

2 cups diced potatoes

2 cups vegetable broth

1 cup vegan skyr or yogurt alternative

1 teaspoon dried thyme

1 teaspoon dried rosemary

Salt and pepper, to taste



Heat the olive oil in a large pot over medium heat. Add the onion and garlic and sauté for 3-4 minutes, until softened.

Add the diced carrots and potatoes to the pot and stir to combine.

Pour in the vegetable broth and bring the mixture to a boil.

Reduce the heat to low and let the stew simmer for 20-25 minutes, or until the vegetables are tender.

Stir in the vegan skyr or yogurt alternative, thyme, rosemary, salt and pepper.

Simmer for an additional 5 minutes, or until the skyr is heated through.

Serve the stew hot and enjoy!

Optional: you can garnish with chopped parsley or chives before serving.


Note: You can adjust the quantity of vegetables according to your preference. You can also use other vegetables like leeks, celery or broccoli.


Austria – From the Alps to your Plate: A Guide to Making Vegan Reiberdatschi (Austrian Potato Pancakes)


Reiberdatschi, also known as Kartoffelpfannkuchen, is a traditional Austrian dish that has been a staple in Austrian cuisine for centuries. These vegan Potato Pancakes are made from grated potatoes, onions, garlic and spices, which are then pan-fried to a golden crisp. They are typically served as a side dish, but can also be eaten as a main dish. Reiberdatschi is a versatile and comforting dish that can be enjoyed any time of the year and can be served with various toppings such as vegan sour cream or applesauce, making it a perfect meal for vegetarians and vegans.




  • 2 lbs of potatoes, peeled and grated
  • 1 onion, grated
  • 2 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 2 tablespoons of all-purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon of salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon of black pepper
  • Oil for frying


  1. In a mixing bowl, combine the grated potatoes, grated onion, garlic, flour, salt and pepper. Mix until well combined.
  2. Heat a skillet over medium heat, and add oil to the skillet.
  3. Using a large spoon, form pancakes out of the potato mixture and place them in the skillet.
  4. Fry the pancakes for about 3-4 minutes on each side, or until they are golden brown and crispy.
  5. Remove the pancakes from the skillet and place them on a paper towel-lined plate to remove excess oil.
  6. Repeat the process until all of the potato mixture is used.
  7. Serve the pancakes hot with a side of sautéed vegetables, or topped with vegan sour cream or apple sauce